Climate Effects on Health Topics
Introduction To Climate Effects on HealthIn recent years, concerns about the influence of human activities on the climate have increased. Regardless of the political and societal debates, changes in climate patterns have the potential to adversely affect the public's health.
Within the last 50 years, public health professionals have been successful in reducing and preventing various public health problems. With those successes, the role of public health has broadened from its initial focus on municipal sanitation and infectious disease control to providing public health guidance for urban design and the built environment, improving quality of life, health care cost reduction and a variety of other important issues. With this broader perspective, environmental factors other than sanitation management are increasingly important to the goals of public health.
Environmental health contributes to public expectations in four major needs: safe air, safe water, safe food and safe places (e.g., homes, work places, recreational places, etc.). Climate impacts each of these needs in an immediate way. The Utah Environmental Public Health Tracking Network helps by providing data to support these functions and a way to bridge gaps between what we know about the climate and its impact on health.
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Climate and HealthThe climate can negatively impact human health in many ways. A changing climate can lead to environmental conditions that increase exposure to allergens, viral or bacterial disease, and hotter temperatures.
Community DesignMore greenhouse gases in the atmosphere, particularly carbon dioxide, will disrupt the balance of the greenhouse effect and cause greater amounts of heat to be trapped on the Earth's surface.
Meteorological IndicatorsMeteorology is the study of the atmosphere, such as seasons, climate, precipitation, storms, temperature, and air pressure. Meteorological indicators may be one of the most valuable methods of determining whether a climate is changing or not.