Health Indicator Report of Community Design: Commute Time
Americans spend considerable time traveling to and from work. In 2013, 86% of American workers commuted by car, while the remainder used other forms of transportation such as public and active (e.g., bicycling and walking) transportation.^1^ [[br]] [[br]] Time spent commuting is associated with several health outcomes, dependending on the travel mode. Longer commute times are generally linked to decreased mental health. Commuting by car for longer periods of time is associated with reduced physical activity and increased levels of obesity. Walking, bicycling, and taking public transportation to work are shown to increase physical activity and weight loss. Tracking how Utahns travel to work and for how long allows for a better understanding of the environmental exposures and health outcomes related to commuting.[[br]] [[br]] ---- 1. McKenzie, B., Who Drives to Work? Commuting by Automobile in the United States: 2013, in American Community Survey Reports. 2015, U.S. Census Bureau.
NotesData are extracted from the National Environmental Public Health Tracking Network using their API. Average one-way commute measures use the mean commute time data from American Community Survey (ACS) Table S0801 five-year estimates to display the mean commute time for all travel modes combined at various geographic levels. [[br]] [[br]] Remaining measures use the ACS-defined commute time categories from Table B08314 that correspond to the national mean or median one-way commute time for a given transportation type. These categories are used to generate the number and percent of workers aged 16 and older in a given geographic area who have one-way commutes longer than a specified amount of time for a given mode of transportation.
Data SourceAmerican Community Survey
Data Interpretation IssuesThis dataset only captures commute time to work and does not capture the distance of the trip. [[br]] [[br]] Personal preference and economics also influences commute choices, not just community design. [[br]] [[br]] The American Community Survey (ACS) is a nationwide, continuous survey designed to provide communities with reliable and timely demographic, housing, social, and economic data every year. However, because ACS data are based on a sample, they are subject to sampling variability and include a range of uncertainty. [[br]][[br]] While the ACS provides population, demographic and housing unit estimates, the Census Bureau's Population Estimates Program produces and disseminates the official estimates of the population for the nation, states, counties, cities, and towns.
DefinitionCommute time using different modes of transportation
NumeratorNumber of workers 16 years and older driving 20+ minutes to work [[br]] [[br]] Number and of workers 16 years and older taking public transit 45+ minutes to work [[br]] [[br]] Number of workers 16 Years and older walking 10+ minutes to work
DenominatorWorkers age 16 years and older in a given geographic area
Page Content Updated On 07/10/2018, Published on 08/10/2018